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The Battle of Austerlitz, also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was Napoleon's greatest victory, effectively destroying the Third Coalition against the French Empire.
On 2 December 1805 (20 November Old Style, 11 Frimaire, XIV, in the French Republican Calendar), a French army, commanded by Emperor Napoleon I, decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army, commanded by Tsar Alexander I, after nearly nine hours of difficult fighting.
The battle took plaクリアエステヴェールce near Austerlitz (Slavkov u Brna) about 10 km (6 miles) south-east of Brno in Moravia (present day Czech Republic). The battle is often regarded as a tactical masterpiece.
The French victory at Austerlitz effeレーシックctively brought the Third Coalition to an end.
On 26 December 1805, Austria and France signed the Treaty of Pressburg, which took Austria out of the war, reinforced the earlier treaties of Campo Formio and Lune'ville, made Austria cede land to Napoleon's German allies, and imposed an indemnity of 40 million francs on the defeated Habsburgs.
Russian troops were allowed to head back to home soil.
Victory at Austerlitz also 品川近視クリニックpermitted the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, a collection of German states intended as a buffer zone between France and central Europe.
n 1806, the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist when Holy Roman Emperor Francis II kept Francis I of Austria as his only official title.
These achievements, however, did not establish a lastウォーターサーバーing peace on the continent. Prussian worries about growing French influence in Central Europe sparked the War of the Fourth Coalition in 1806.
Europe had been in turmoil since the start of the French Revolutionary Wars in 1792. In 1797, after five years of war, the French Republic subdued the First Coalition.
A Second Coalition was コラーゲンformed in 1798, but by 1801, this too was defeated, leaving Britain the only opponent of the new French Consulate.
In March 1802, France and Britai化粧水n agreed to end hostilities under the Treaty of Amiens.
For the first time in ten years, all of Europe was at peace.
However, many problems persisted between the two sides, making implementation of the treaty increasingly difficult. The British government resented having to turn over most of the colonial conquests it had made since 1793.
Napoleon was angry that British troops had not ev化粧品acuated the island of Malta.
The tense situation only worsened when Napoleon sent an expeditionary force to crush the Haitian Revolution.
In May 1803, Britain deFX 比較clared war on France.
In December 1804, an Anglo-Swediクレジットカードsh agreement led to the creation of the Third Coalition.
British Prime Minister William Pitt spent 1804 and 1805 in a flurry of diplomatic activity geared towards forming a new coalition against France.
Mutual suspicion between the Britisアスタリフトh and the Russians eased in the face of several French political mistakes, and by April 1805, Britain and Russia had signed an alliance.
Having been defeated twice in recent memory by France, and being keen on revenge, Austria joined the coalition a few months later.
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